What is Personal Independence Payment (PIP)?
Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is a benefit for people who have a long term illness and/or disability and need help participating in everyday life or find it difficult to get around.
PIP is made up of two components:
- Daily Living component (For help to self care and participate in everyday life.)
- Mobility component (For help with moving around and going out.)
You can be paid either the Daily Living component or the Mobility component on its own, or both at the same time.
Each component is paid at two different rates;‘Standard rate’ and ‘Enhanced rate.’
The assessment will determine which rate you are entitled to.
PIP is not means tested
PIP is tax-free, it does not take into account any income or savings you have. You do not need to have paid national insurance contributions to be entitled to PIP.
What will happen to Disability Living Allowance (DLA)?
PIP replaces DLA for people aged 16 or over.
People who already get DLA will normally be asked to claim PIP instead at some stage. However, if you have reached the age of 65 by 08 April 2013, you can keep and renew your DLA award and wont be asked to claim PIP instead.
To qualify for PIP you must;
- not be subject to immigration control
- have been present in the UK for 2 out of the past 3 years
- be between ages 16 – 64
- have had difficulties with you care and/or mobility needs throughout the three months before your claim.
* You must also pass the PIP assessment.
The PIP assessment is made up of 2 parts;
- The claim form
You will be required to complete a claim form detailing your health condition and the difficulties you have. This is known as the PIP2 form and you will be given a deadline by which you must return the form.
- Face to face consultation
You may also be required to attend a face to face consultation with a healthcare professional, provided by ATOS. This is known as the ‘medical assessment’.
How it works…
The PIP assessment is a points-related assessment of your cognitive functions, physical and mental condition considered within a range of 12 different types of activities. Within each activity is a list of ’descriptors’ with different scores. The descriptors explain the varying levels of
difficulty you might have when carrying out the activity in question.
You score points when you are not able to complete a described task safely, to an acceptable standard, repeatedly and in a reasonable time. You also score points for needing an aid or appliance to allow you to carry out the activity in question.
Activities and Points
The 12 different activities are grouped under 2 broad headings, relating to the Daily Living component and the Mobility component.
These are listed below besides the maximum points you are able to score for each activity.
(The minimum points you can score on each activity is 0)
|Daily Living Activities;
Preparing & cooking
a simple meal.
|Eating and drinking.
|Managing medication &
Monitoring health condition.
|Washing and Bathing.
|Managing toilet needs.
|Dressing and undressing.
|Reading and understanding
signs, symbols and words.
|Mixing with other people.
|Planning and following
How Much do you get?
Each component of PIP has two rates, a ‘standard rate’ and an ‘enhanced rate’. The rate you get will be determined by the points you score. (see below)
Daily Living component Points Per week
Standard rate 8 £55.10
Enhanced rate 12 £82.30
Mobility component Points Per week
Standard rate 8 £21.80
Enhanced rate 12 £57.45
What does ‘safely, to an acceptable standard, repeatedly and in a reasonable time period’ mean?
‘Safely’ means in a fashion that is unlikely to cause harm to you or anyone else, either during or after the completion of the
activity. For example, if you have epilepsy and don’t have enough warning of a fit to make yourself safe, you need someone with you when carrying out a particular activity to ensure your safety. The DWP considers that serious adverse event must be ‘likely to occur’ rather than ‘may occur’ for it to count.
An example of someone not completing a task ‘to an acceptable standard’ would be where they wash themselves inadequately and do not realise they are still not clean after they have finished.
‘Repeatedly’ means being able to repeat the activity as often as is reasonably required. Considering increasing symptoms such as pain and fatigue. The DWP should take in to account the fact that the effort of completing a activity can adversely affect your ability to repeat it or to undertake other activities
You can do something in ‘a reasonable time period’ if you do not take more than twice as long as someone without a disability would normally take.
If you want to talk to anyone about PIP and applying, we run a Duty Officer Service for Welfare rights advice. This runs on a Monday and Tuesday morning between 9.30 and 12.30, though we do advise you ring as close after 9.30 as possible as spaces fill up fast. Ring on our main advice line .